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英語文學中的社會主義思潮研究

ISBN:978-7-5203-2080-1

出版日期:2018-03

頁數:492

字數:450.0千字

叢書名:《國家哲學社會科學成果文庫》

點擊量:5575次

引用量:3次

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基金信息: 國家哲學社會科學成果文庫 展開
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在世界文學史上,社會主義思潮對英語文學產生了深遠的影響。自托馬斯·莫爾在《烏托邦》(1516)中提出“烏托邦”理想而萌發了空想社會主義思潮之后,社會意識形態領域中出現了多種多樣的社會主義的概念和理論,影響著世界各國的社會沿革、國際政治、國家政體、文化教育、經濟稅收、醫療保險、福利保障等方面的演變和完善,也啟迪著人類從未停止步伐去追求和探索一個沒有資本主義弊端的完美的社會體制或“自由國度”(馬克思語)。歷史證明,馬克思是人類的人文精神和社會發展的重要導師。以馬克思主義為指導的國際共產主義運動和無產階級革命實踐匯成了強大的社會主義思潮,在世界范圍內催生和繁榮了社會主義文學和文學批評,深刻地影響著世界文學的構成和發展。馬克思主義誕生后,很多國家如英國、法國、德國、俄國、美國、加拿大、澳大利亞、新西蘭、古巴、中國等先后成立了共產主義者同盟、共產黨、社會主義黨等共產主義性質的政黨和組織,它們不僅引導了本國的社會主義革命實踐,也吸引了大批作家和文學評論家加入共產主義思想陣營和組織,成為社會主義文學發展的核心力量。英國、美國、加拿大、澳大利亞、新西蘭等英語國別文學基本上都歷經了激進老左翼、新左翼、當代左翼三個發展階段,左翼文學書寫不可否定地已經融入了各自民族主義文學和本土文學的構建,不但勃發出社會主義文學獨有的文學特質和持久生命力,也弘揚了馬克思主義美學觀和共產主義精神。社會主義思潮也穿越和匯接了浪漫主義、現實主義、現代主義和后現代主義等文學流派的嬗變,增強和豐富了馬克思主義文學批評理論的方法和內涵。

In the history of world literature, socialist ideas have had a profound impact on English literature. Since Thomas More put forward the ideal of "utopia" in "Utopia" (1516) and germinated the trend of utopian socialism, a variety of concepts and theories of socialism have emerged in the field of social ideology, affecting the evolution and improvement of social evolution, international politics, national polity, culture and education, economic taxation, medical insurance, welfare security, etc. in all countries of the world, and also inspired mankind to never stop the pace to pursue and explore a perfect social system or "free country" without the drawbacks of capitalism (Marx). History proves that Marx is an important teacher of human humanistic spirit and social development. The international communist movement and the practice of proletarian revolution guided by Marxism have converged into a powerful socialist trend of thought, giving birth to and prospering socialist literature and literary criticism around the world, and profoundly affecting the composition and development of world literature. After the birth of Marxism, many countries, such as Britain, France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Cuba, China, etc., successively established communist political parties and organizations such as the Communist League, the Communist Party, and the Socialist Party, which not only guided the practice of socialist revolution in their own countries, but also attracted a large number of writers and literary critics to join the communist ideological camp and organizations, becoming the core force for the development of socialist literature. English-speaking literature such as Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand has basically gone through three stages of development: radical old left, new left, and contemporary left, and left-wing literary writing has undeniably integrated into the construction of their respective nationalist literature and local literature, which not only exudes the unique literary characteristics and lasting vitality of socialist literature, but also promotes the Marxist aesthetic outlook and communist spirit. The trend of socialist thought also crosses and converges the transmutations of literary schools such as romanticism, realism, modernism and postmodernism, and enhances and enriches the methods and connotations of Marxist literary criticism theory.(AI翻譯)

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
蘶莉.英語文學中的社會主義思潮研究[M].北京:中國社會科學出版社,2018
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MLA 格式引文
蘶莉.英語文學中的社會主義思潮研究.北京,中國社會科學出版社:2018E-book.
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APA 格式引文
蘶莉(2018).英語文學中的社會主義思潮研究.北京:中國社會科學出版社
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