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簡明中國歷史讀本

2014年國家新聞出版廣電總局(第十一屆)向全國青少年推薦百種優秀圖書;2019年度輸出版優秀圖書獎;第二屆全國黨員教育培訓精品教材

ISBN:978-7-5004-9003-6

出版日期:2020-07

頁數:509

字數:402.0千字

點擊量:16250次

引用量:4次

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中華文明源遠流長,五千多年來一脈相承,始終沒有中斷。這在世界歷史上是很罕見的。中華民族是在波瀾壯闊的歷史進程中形成的。從遙遠的古代起,我國各族人民就建立了緊密的政治經濟文化聯系,共同開發了祖國的河山。中華民族的悠久歷史,是我們必須十分珍惜的寶貴財富。中華民族的優秀文化,是我國各族人民共同創造和傳承的,是維系民族團結和國家統一的牢固紐帶。一個民族的歷史深刻影響著一個民族的現在和未來。今天的中國從歷史的中國發展而來。我們國家和民族的發展史,包含著治國安邦的深刻道理,也揭示了今天我國發展道路的歷史必然性。要奪取改革開放和社會主義現代化建設的成功,我們不僅應該懂得中國的今天,而且還應該懂得中國的昨天和前天。我曾經說過,一名領導干部不善于從歷史中吸取營養,不可能成為高明的領導者;一個政黨不善于從總結歷史中認識和把握社會發展規律,不可能成為順應歷史潮流的自覺的政黨;一個民族不善于從歷史中繼承和發展本民族和世界其他民族創造的優秀文明成果,不可能屹立于世界民族之林。多讀讀中華民族發展史,可以使我們加深民族感情、增強民族自信心,更加信心百倍地投身堅持和發展中國特色社會主義、實現中華民族偉大復興的宏偉事業。當代中國正處在充滿機遇也充滿挑戰的時期。改革開放以來,我國社會主義現代化建設取得了舉世矚目的成就,綜合國力顯著增強,人民生活水平大幅提高。同時,我們也必須清醒地看到,無論從國內看還是從外部環境看,我們在前進道路上面臨的困難和挑戰還很多,必須繼續進行長期而艱苦的努力。要使我們的國家、我們的民族發展得更好,我們必須認真總結和發揚改革開放和社會主義現代化建設的成功經驗,也必須注重汲取和運用歷史經驗,科學把握和正確運用歷史規律,正確借鑒歷代治亂興衰的經驗教訓。學習中華民族發展史,是弘揚愛國主義精神、增強民族凝聚力的重要途徑。愛國主義始終是中華民族團結一心、自強不息的精神源泉。在中華民族漫長的發展史上,我國各族人民團結奮斗取得的輝煌成績,我國各族人民經歷的種種苦難曲折,都是愛國主義教育的生動教材,都是激勵我們為祖國、為民族發展進步而不懈奮斗的強大精神力量。要真正形成對祖國、對民族的深切之愛、理性之愛,必須重視學習中華民族發展史,不斷豐富歷史知識。全黨同志特別是領導干部要自覺學習歷史,把提高歷史素養放到更為重要的位置上來看待,多讀一點歷史特別是中華民族發展史,汲取經驗,陶冶情操,開闊眼界,以利于牢固樹立正確的世界觀、人生觀、價值觀,增強歷史使命感和責任感,提高觀察問題、分析問題的水平和能力。改革開放以來,我們不斷擴大對外開放,推動中國和世界的關系發生了舉世矚目的變化。新形勢下,我們不僅要學習中國歷史,而且要學習世界歷史,善于從中外歷史上的成功失敗、經驗教訓中進一步認識和把握歷史發展和社會進步的規律,認識和把握時代發展大勢。同時,我們還要向世界介紹我國歷史,特別是要介紹近代以來中華民族遭受的歷史苦難和進行的偉大奮斗,讓國外民眾了解我國歷史和國情,幫助他們從歷史角度來客觀觀察和分析今天的中國?!笆鐾?,思來者”;“欲知大道,必先為史”。中國歷代杰出的史學家們,用豐富的體裁和濃重的筆墨,給我們留下了珍貴而又豐厚的史學遺產,值得我們認真學習。由中國社會科學院歷史研究所編寫的《簡明中國歷史讀本》,為我們了解中華民族發展史提供了一部通俗易懂的讀物,希望大家都能讀一讀。

Chinese civilization has a long history, and has been in the same vein for more than 5,000 years, and has never been interrupted. This is rare in the history of the world. The Chinese nation was formed in a magnificent historical process. Since ancient times, the people of all ethnic groups in our country have established close political, economic and cultural ties and jointly developed the rivers and mountains of the motherland. The long history of the Chinese nation is a precious treasure that we must cherish very much. The excellent culture of the Chinese nation is jointly created and inherited by the people of all ethnic groups in our country, and is a strong bond that maintains national unity and national unity. The history of a nation profoundly affects the present and future of a nation. Today's China has developed from historical China. The history of the development of our country and nation contains the profound truth of governing the country and security, and also reveals the historical inevitability of China's development path today. To win the success of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization, we should understand not only China's today, but also China's yesterday and the day before yesterday. I have said that a leading cadre who is not good at drawing nourishment from history cannot become a wise leader; A political party is not good at understanding and grasping the law of social development from summing up history, and cannot become a conscious political party that conforms to the trend of history; If a nation is not good at inheriting and developing from history the outstanding achievements of civilization created by its own nation and other nations of the world, it cannot stand tall among the nations of the world. Reading more about the history of the development of the Chinese nation can enable us to deepen our national feelings, enhance our self-confidence, and devote ourselves more confidently to the magnificent cause of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Contemporary China is in a period full of opportunities and challenges. Since the beginning of reform and opening up, China's socialist modernization has made achievements that have attracted worldwide attention, its comprehensive national strength has been significantly enhanced, and the people's living standards have been greatly improved. At the same time, we must also be soberly aware that there are still many difficulties and challenges we face on the way forward, whether from a domestic perspective or from the external environment, and we must continue to make long-term and arduous efforts. To enable our country and our nation to develop better, we must conscientiously sum up and carry forward the successful experiences of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization, and we must also pay attention to drawing on and applying historical experience, scientifically grasp and correctly apply historical laws, and correctly draw lessons from the rise and fall of chaos in previous dynasties. Studying the history of the development of the Chinese nation is an important way to carry forward the spirit of patriotism and enhance national cohesion. Patriotism has always been the spiritual source of the Chinese nation's unity and unceasing self-improvement. In the long history of the development of the Chinese nation, the brilliant achievements made by the people of all ethnic groups in our country in united struggle and the various hardships and twists and turns experienced by the people of all ethnic groups in our country are all vivid teaching materials for patriotic education and powerful spiritual forces that inspire us to make unremitting efforts for the motherland and for the development and progress of the nation. In order to truly form a deep and rational love for the motherland and the nation, we must attach importance to studying the history of the development of the Chinese nation and constantly enrich historical knowledge. Comrades of the whole party, especially leading cadres, should consciously study history, put the enhancement of historical literacy in a more important position, read a little more history, especially the history of the development of the Chinese nation, draw on experience, cultivate sentiments, and broaden their horizons, so as to help firmly establish a correct world outlook, outlook on life, and values, enhance their sense of historical mission and responsibility, and enhance their level and ability to observe and analyze problems. Since the reform and opening up, we have continuously expanded our opening up to the outside world, and the relations between China and the world have undergone changes that have attracted worldwide attention. Under the new situation, we should not only study Chinese history but also world history, and be good at further understanding and grasping the law of historical development and social progress from the successes and failures and lessons learned in Chinese and foreign history, and understand and grasp the general trend of development of the times. At the same time, we should also introduce China's history to the world, especially the historical suffering and great struggle of the Chinese nation since modern times, so that people abroad can understand China's history and national conditions, and help them objectively observe and analyze today's China from a historical perspective. "Tell the past, thinker"; "If you want to know the road, you must first know history." The outstanding historians of all generations in China, with their rich genres and heavy pen and ink, have left us a precious and rich historiographical heritage, which is worthy of our serious study. The "Concise Chinese History Reader" compiled by the Institute of History of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences provides us with an easy-to-understand reading for understanding the history of the development of the Chinese nation.(AI翻譯)

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
中國社會科學院歷史研究所《簡明中國歷史讀本》編寫組.簡明中國歷史讀本[M].北京:中國社會科學出版社,2020
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MLA 格式引文
中國社會科學院歷史研究所《簡明中國歷史讀本》編寫組.簡明中國歷史讀本.北京,中國社會科學出版社:2020E-book.
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APA 格式引文
中國社會科學院歷史研究所《簡明中國歷史讀本》編寫組(2020).簡明中國歷史讀本.北京:中國社會科學出版社
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