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毛澤東國際政治理論與實踐研究

Studies on Mao Tse-Tung's International Political Theory and Practice

ISBN:978-7-5161-0093-6

出版日期:2012-08

頁數:241

字數:235.0千字

點擊量:5684次

引用量:5次

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基金信息: 國家哲學社會科學成果文庫 展開
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本書以“毛澤東國際政治理論與實踐研究”為題,從權利的角度對毛澤東國際政治理論形成的歷史淵源、毛澤東國際政治理論的內容以及毛澤東國際政治理論的價值取向進行了系統的分析和研究。首先,探討了中國國際政治學理論研究中權利視角的基本觀點和原則,認為以權利、權力與利益的辯證統一為中心,“以人為本”、“依法為準”和“以力為基”的原則,是研究毛澤東國際政治理論的一種有效的視角。其次,研究和分析了毛澤東國際政治理論產生的國際國內歷史背景以及毛澤東國際政治理論產生的理論淵源,認為毛澤東繼承了中國傳統文化中的優秀成果,吸收了馬克思主義解放全人類的科學社會主義學說與國際政治學說和近代西方民權理論,在中國民族救亡和人民解放的革命實踐以及社會主義的外交實踐中形成了以權利為本體的國際政治理論。再次,在提煉出毛澤東國際政治時代論、力量論、秩序論和戰略論有關命題的基礎上,從權利的角度總結和分析了毛澤東國際政治理論中關于時代、國際政治力量對比、國際政治秩序和國際戰略等內容。(1)認為毛澤東從人類徹底解放的角度全面繼承了列寧關于現時代發展方向是帝國主義和無產階級革命的論斷,在繼承列寧的戰爭與革命時代主題的基礎上創造性地提出了和平也是現時代主題的論斷;(2)認為毛澤東根據國際社會中兩大階級和兩種社會制度國家的權利、權力和利益的辯證統一關系,一度接受了歐洲九國共產黨工人黨情報局關于戰后“兩大陣營”的國際政治力量劃分的論斷,但是他在戰略上特別重視“中間地帶”在國際政治力量對比中的地位和作用,在反霸斗爭的實踐中從理論上向兩大陣營論和由此而形成的兩極格局發出挑戰,最后形成“三個世界”力量劃分的論斷,從而指明了國際政治格局由兩極向多極發展的趨勢;(3)認為毛澤東從維護民族和國家的權利出發,提出的民族自決原則、國家平等原則以及和平共處五項原則符合國際法的基本原則,是建立公正合理的國際政治新秩序的基本準則;(4)認為維護世界和平與國家安全是毛澤東國際政治戰略的目標,堅持獨立自主地發展國家力量是毛澤東國際政治戰略的根本方針,建立廣泛的反帝反霸統一戰線以及開展人民外交是毛澤東國際政治戰略的主要手段。最后,從權利的角度總結和分析了毛澤東國際政治理論的價值取向,認為反對強權利益和維護國家主權利益時毛澤東國際政治理論的價值取向,并由此得出結論:毛澤東的國際政治理論是一種爭取和維護國際社會弱勢群體的政治家的國際政治理論,具有很強的理論意義和實踐意義。 關鍵詞:毛澤東 國際政治理論 權利 權力 利益

With the title of "Research on Mao Zedong's International Political Theory and Practice", this book systematically analyzes and studies the historical origin of the formation of Mao Zedong's international political theory, the content of Mao Zedong's international political theory, and the value orientation of Mao Zedong's international political theory from the perspective of rights. Firstly, the basic viewpoints and principles of the perspective of rights in the study of Chinese international political theory are discussed, and it is believed that the dialectical unity of rights, power and interests as the center, and the principles of "people-oriented", "according to law" and "force-based" are an effective perspective for the study of Mao Zedong's international political theory. Secondly, this paper studies and analyzes the international and domestic historical background of Mao Zedong's international political theory and the theoretical origin of Mao Zedong's international political theory, and believes that Mao Zedong inherited the excellent achievements in traditional Chinese culture, absorbed the Marxist scientific socialist theory and international political theory of liberating all mankind and modern Western civil rights theory, and formed an international political theory with rights as the ontology in the revolutionary practice of China's national salvation and people's liberation and the diplomatic practice of socialism. Third, on the basis of extracting Mao Zedong's relevant propositions of the theory of the era, the theory of power, the theory of order and the theory of strategy, the contents of Mao Zedong's international political theory on the era, the balance of international political forces, the international political order and the international strategy are summarized and analyzed from the perspective of rights. (1) It is believed that Mao Zedong fully inherited Lenin's thesis that the development direction of the current era is imperialism and proletarian revolution from the perspective of the complete liberation of mankind, and creatively put forward the thesis that peace is also the theme of the present era on the basis of inheriting Lenin's theme of war and revolution; (2) It is believed that Mao Zedong, in accordance with the dialectical unity of the rights, powers and interests of the two major classes and the two social systems in the international community, once accepted the thesis of the intelligence bureau of the Communist Party of the Workers' Party of the nine European countries on the division of international political forces in the post-war "two camps", but he strategically attached special importance to the status and role of the "middle ground" in the balance of international political forces, and in the practice of the anti-hegemony struggle, he theoretically challenged the theory of the two camps and the resulting bipolar pattern, and finally formed the "three worlds" The thesis of the division of forces, thus pointing out the trend of the development of the international political pattern from bipolar to multipolar; (3) Believing that the principles of national self-determination, the principle of equality of nations and the five principles of peaceful coexistence put forward by Mao Zedong, proceeding from safeguarding the rights of nations and states, conform to the basic principles of international law and are the basic norms for the establishment of a just and reasonable new international political order; (4) It is believed that maintaining world peace and national security is the goal of Mao Zedong's international political strategy, adhering to the independent development of national forces is the fundamental policy of Mao Zedong's international political strategy, and establishing a broad anti-imperialist and anti-hegemonic united front and carrying out people's diplomacy are the main means of Mao Zedong's international political strategy. Finally, from the perspective of rights, the value orientation of Mao Zedong's international political theory is summarized and analyzed, and the value orientation of Mao Zedong's international political theory when opposing power interests and safeguarding national sovereign interests is concluded: Mao Zedong's international political theory is an international political theory of politicians who win over and safeguard vulnerable groups in the international community, which has strong theoretical and practical significance. Keywords: Mao Zedong international political theory rights power interests(AI翻譯)

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引文

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GB/T 7714-2015 格式引文
孫君健.毛澤東國際政治理論與實踐研究[M].北京:中國社會科學出版社,2012
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MLA 格式引文
孫君健.毛澤東國際政治理論與實踐研究.北京,中國社會科學出版社:2012E-book.
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APA 格式引文
孫君健(2012).毛澤東國際政治理論與實踐研究.北京:中國社會科學出版社
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